Every year, Pakistan faces more health problems than it did in the previous one, leading to new kinds of diseases and problems that are difficult to treat due to the unfavorable financial, economic and climatic conditions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan ranks at 122 out of 190 countries in terms of health care standards. There have been many interventions made in health care but due to the poor standards of education, there is a lack of doctors and health experts all over which does not create a conducive atmosphere for hospitals to thrive in. Here are the 10 most prevalent health problems existing in Pakistan.
The most common form of disease in Pakistan is infection since infection occurs in the presence of co-infection. In a developing country like Pakistan, there are many factors that contribute to infections, such as contamination, poor sanitation, fewer resources and lack of medications. According to Bushrasmania on Blogspot, “Diseases which are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and other parasites become the main causes of death, disability, as well as social and economic disruption for millions of people”. Intestinal infections include cholera, typhoid Fever, dysentery, food Poisoning and diarrhea amongst others.
TB is a lung disease that is contagious and spreads by coughing and sneezing. Pakistan ranks 8 out of the 22 countries in the world that are most highly prone to tuberculosis, according to WHO. Tuberculosis can occur in the pulmonary (lungs), respiratory, and central nervous system as well as meningitis (brain), bones, joints and other organs.
Bacterial and Viral Diseases
Viral diseases include viral hepatitis, typhoid, mumps, rabies, measles, chicken pox, and many more. The most common and serious in Pakistan are Typhoid and Hepatitis A and E.
This viral disease spreads through contaminated water or unhealthy food, as a result of poor sanitation and care of local produce. Its symptoms include fever, jaundice and diarrhea and it deteriorates the liver functions.
This viral disease also affects the liver functions and is primarily spread through contaminated water. It may disrupt the urinary tract as well as display other symptoms such as jaundice or fatigue.
This is another bacterial disease caused by contaminated food or water and may result in high fever if the victim is not treated so enough.
Malaria is an anthropoid bone disease which is caused by single-cell plasmodium parasite through a mosquito bite. This specific mosquito is a female Anopheles mosquito which transmits parasites in the liver, attacking red blood cells. The symptoms are severe chills, sweats and high fever. Due to pollution, no climate control and poor drainage systems, these mosquitos find ideal nesting grounds on standing water all around the country and there have been very few preventive measures that are being taken to eradicate this problem.
Yet another disease that is transmitted through mosquito bites, dengue fever is a severe form of virus that causes migraines, chills and loss of strength and appetite. Like malaria, it is also due to the hostile climatic changes and an environment that becomes perfect breeding ground for mosquitos.
Yellow fever is probably the most severe form of mosquito-borne diseases. It causes viral infection of the respiratory passages causing fever and may even result in severe hepatitis or hemorrhagic fever.
Disease of Nervous, Respiratory, Digestive and Urinary systems
These diseases may collectively include paralysis (stroke), epilepsy, Parkinson’s fever, angina, heart failure (attack), pneumonia, asthma, influenza, bronchitis, ulcer appendicitis, hernia, jaundice, and kidney failure.
In conclusion, even though measures are being taken to improve health care facilities, more steps need to be taken to improve education systems as well as provide safe and clean hospitals that are conducive to good health. According to healthy.pk, “the main reason is poverty of course and the other is unawareness about health care issues”. The government needs to step up in order to provide initiatives to improve sanitation systems so that clean food and water is available and harmful bacteria and parasites may not infect the atmosphere.