Diabetes is a commonly heard term experienced and dealt with in Pakistani households. This is despite the malnutrition and hunger crises that has engulfed more than half of the nation. Us South Asians are not alien to any form of diabetes, be it type 1, type 2 or gestational. Having said that, type 2 is the most worrisome. Type 2 diabetes is a result of lack of insulin in the body. Due to this, the body’s cells stop reacting to the insulin. Therefore, the glucose remains in the blood as sugar as it is not broken down. Here are 7 type 2 diabetes signs you may have.
If you know someone with diabetes, you must have heard them say that their blood sugar level has risen really high or fallen really low. Both these conditions are harmful for health. This happens due to sudden increases in appetite, especially sugar cravings. Furthermore, it is a result of not being able to break down the sugars in the body, due to lack of insulin. Therefore, the organs and muscles feel starved, and trigger hunger pangs.
Excessive Weight Loss
If you think you are eating more than usual, and losing weight rapidly, this may be a sign of diabetes. Due to the lack of insulin, the blood sugar is not being transferred to the muscles. Moreover, because the carbohydrates cannot be processed, your body will shift to fat and protein for energy. Therefore, your body will start losing fat and muscle mass, making you lean and thin much quicker. Bare in mind that this is not a positive thing. Such a weight loss may lead to losing weight, but it will also lead to a haggard looking body rather than a well-toned one.
Drinking more water is good, but feeling excessively thirsty and urinating more frequently might be possible red flags. Due to excessive amounts of high blood sugar levels, excess glucose may end up in the urine. This is because it is unable to reabsorb in the body. Furthermore, because your body tries to use the kidneys to flush out excess sugar, you end up feeling thirstier. Therefore, the thirstier you get, the more water you drink, and this leads to frequent urination.
Fatigue might be the onset of many possible health issues. General tiredness comes from a long tiring day, or mental and physical assertion. However, feeling overwhelmed with lethargy even though you have not done much is not normal or healthy. This is due to low blood sugar levels, hence, low energy. However, fatigue is not just restricted to low blood sugar. In fact, high blood sugar levels may also cause fatigue, since the body is unable to process carbohydrates for energy.
Unhealthy Diet & Lifestyle
This may not seem like something to be checked for diabetes, since it is a life choice. However, if you have a job that requires more sitting and less physical activity, your body might be at risk if you are not doing daily exercise or work outs. Furthermore, what you eat contributes greatly towards having or not having diabetes. If your diet consists mainly of processed foods, takeouts or street food, then you already know you are in trouble. Most foods are made to taste good due to extra salt and sugar that has been added to them. Bring about a healthy change to your lifestyle and remember to get your annual checkup done as well.
Lack of Sleep
Another downside of frequent urination is the urge to go several times during the night. This is a major reason due to which many diabetics complain that they are experiencing a lack of sleep. Furthermore, sleeplessness is caused by pain and discomfort which may occur as a result of a tired body. Muscles and joints may becomes stiff since they are unable to perform proper activity, making the body weak overall.
Numbness or Tingling Sensations
You may experience a loss of strength in certain parts of the body, particularly hands and feet. Research suggests that numbness commonly occurs in the feet since they are the farthest away from the heart. This is why blood problems can have a numbing impact on them. Furthermore, diabetes has been said to cause damage to the nerves and tamper with nerve signals. Therefore, a tingling sensation can be experienced in the hands and feet, particularly fingers and toes.
In conclusion, it is imperative to prevent further damage to the body if you already experience all or some of these symptoms. Furthermore, getting a regular check up is vital, so that even if your body indicates signs of diabetes, you and your doctor can address them in time.