Cervical Cancer – What You Need to Know?

Written by Pliro
Jan 21, 2019 Last updated: Mar 29, 2019

Cervical cancer has been a major health issue for females of any age. This cancer type starts in the cervix, from where it may spread to other parts of the body. Thin layer of cells make up the lining of cervix where the cancer cells can grow abnormally. The joining of ecto and endocervix (cell linings inside and out of cervix) is called the transformation zone where usually the cancer grows.

How it Spreads?

Cervical cancer is caused by sexually transmitted Human papillomavirus also known as HPV. There are however different kinds of HPV viruses all of which do not cause cervical cancer. The high-risk HPV virus however named with types as HPV-16 and HPV-18 cause the cancer in females. To avoid the higher risk of having it, a test called Pap test can be done. By the age of 50 years, almost all women have suffered from any form of HPV out of which only some are fatally affected by the cancerous type.

Symptoms and Early Signs

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer found in the females worldwide. Almost 3 to 4 percent women die of cervical cancer due to negligence, untreated symptoms and not knowing what they are going through. (https://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-cancer-symptoms#hpv ) It is better to understand about the nature of this disease, how it initiates and spreads, and the likely chances of suffering with chronic stages of cervical cancer. Stating the common symptoms and early signs below, we should all consult doctors, online forums, health blogs and articles to spread awareness among females:

  1. Excessive bleeding. The condition will be exactly like bleeding during periods. It can exceed into scenarios of having a pelvic exam, menopause or after having an intercourse.
  2. A discharge that may smell and has different consistency. It will be unusual and has different color than the usual one during ovulation.
  3. Need of urinating increases. Pain during urination is a common sign.
  4. Pain in pelvic muscles.

Preventing Cervical Cancer

Something to note is that the cervical cancer and ovarian cancer may initially look alike and the symptoms may also be initially the same. However, for clearing the concepts, these two are entirely different kinds of cancers and have different treatments.

As this cancer evolves over time and in females of 35-44 ages, it is one of the most easily preventable diseases in females. If the above symptoms can be easily checked for and treatment is started earlier, the cancer can totally be prevented from being evolved and spreading to be fatal.

As described that all HPVs do not lead to the cervical cancer, it is very likely however, that the women who suffer from HPV for longer periods of time are at a higher risk of developing cervical cancer than those who have mildly suffered from any HPV type and got themselves checked thoroughly and been treated. It is better to consult gynecologists in time when the first symptoms start to appear. Also, screening for cervical cancer can be done when you are not even suffering from it, just to be safe. To consult good doctors, you can book gynecologist appointment near you at renowned hospitals.