Human behavior is quite an interesting subject to discuss. Different feelings and thought process affect it in multiple ways. A normal human being may feel quite a few emotions and feelings all through the day. However, feeling sad and down for no apparent reason all the time is not a common feeling for a normal human. When a person feels down or sad most of the time, they may have minor or major symptoms of depression, severity of which may lead to fatal results.
Proper health tips, medication, and online health articles can also be followed for awareness and prevention against depression leading to suicide. However, if not treated and not taken care of, it may have adverse effects on other existing disease in a person like:
What is Depression?
People feel sad for different apparent reasons like failure, breakup, losing something or someone. But when such feelings of loss and failure come for no reason with hopelessness, miserable thoughts and no interest in daily activities, the mood swings indicate that they are suffering from depression.
Depression is mainly classified to be a ‘mood disorder’. It initiates feelings of anger, sadness, uninterested behavior towards daily life activities, loss of time due, fatigue, and in chronic cases, sometimes feelings of killing oneself, suicide or harming oneself. Though, it is curable, it may turn into a chronic stage of depression and lead a person towards death.
Stages and Types of Depression
Depression is named as clinical depression, major depressive disorder, unipolar depression or a simple term of depression. This interferes with a person’s life on daily basis. If triggered, it may last in an episode of 2 weeks or more. The stages of depression may be mild, moderate, melancholic, or psychotic.
This is a severe form of depression with almost all the depressive symptoms present in a person’s behavior. They may feel loss of pleasure in everything that they felt interested in before. It slows down their movement and physical activities.
This form of depression leads a person into psychosis where they may start to hallucinate or be paranoid about anything and everything. They may also start to be delusional as well. It affects not just their daily life activities but their relations and habits as well.
Types of Depression
Depression has many common and uncommon types and affects a person in many different ways. Some that are most common are as under:
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
This is also known as manic depression. Manic depression means that there are periods of depressive moods, mania, with some stages of normal mood and behavior present in the person’s behavior. Mania is just like deep feelings but the opposite of depression. A person suffering from bipolar disorder may feel overly excited, full of energy, talk fast, do things in no time and is helplessly over efficient.
This is a mild form of bipolar disorder in which a person may suffer from hyper mania, and low episodes of depressive feelings. As the symptoms are much milder, this condition does not account for depression or a stage of depression to be treated as it can reside easily.
This is a mild form of depression and does not have any severe effects. However, it lasts longer than the acute forms of depression.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
This disorder gets its name from having a seasonal pattern of disorder affect. The effects of depression can trigger while being exposed to certain environmental conditions or surroundings, the intensity of light exposure during different seasons. The characteristics of such disorder begin and end during specific seasonal periods. This can be diagnosed after several years of one suffering from such a mental health disorder in a specific season. Those who suffer from this disorder may sleep more than usual, overeat, have a lack of energy, crave for carbs and get fat easily.
Connection between Depression and Suicide
There is a huge and common connection between depression and suicide. Whatever stage and type of depression one is suffering from, if depression treatment is not provided on time, a person may have increased chances of committing suicide. Feeling sad all the time increases hopelessness and loss of interest in everyday life. The feeling a person has of being unwanted is quite common in any kind of depression and the first thought that triggers a solution is of ending one’s own life. Majority of deaths that have happened via suicide had linkage with a form of depression that the victim was suffering from.
Breaking the Link: Depression and Suicide
Breaking the link between depression and suicide is an important aspect of curing a person suffering from depression. Initially, a psychiatrist needs to be consulted for a depressed person, who should know that the patient is suffering from a depressive disorder. This will help in diagnosing the accurate type and stage of depression along with any other mental illness there is. Simultaneously, as per the doctor’s advice, proper medication, therapy sessions and help can prevent a depressed person from falling into suicidal thought process. This will help in suicide prevention and successful depression treatment.
Strategies to Prevent Depression and Suicide
Although a doctor should be consulted properly to avoid having more episodes of depression, the most common way to prevent and reside depression is to have a cognitive therapy based on mindfulness. Mindfulness is the most effective strategy to use against depression leading to suicide. It focuses the patient’s attention towards present happening and how one is thinking of only the negative aspects. Mindfulness creates a sense of what is negative and how it can be changed and thought about positive things. Doctors usually prescribe such therapy and lead the patient’s mind towards what good things are happening around them and how negative thoughts have a lesser impact if one focuses on the positive aspects and happenings of life.
What can you do?
Some of the ways that can help prevent and keep depression away from coming back can be followed as:
Find ways to improve self esteem. Change of environment, building a hobby, doing what you used to love most etc. can help boost the self esteem of a depressed person.
Exercise, yoga, and physical activities can help prevent and reside depression and suicidal thoughts.
Start focusing on your own wellbeing by eating healthy, sleeping on time and focusing on different daily activities more can ignore the causes and reasons of depression.
Reach out to loved ones, family and friends.
Stick with the depression treatment plan from your doctor. Take proper advised medication and diet.
Avoid recreational food that creates a sense of dependency like drugs, beverages, food items. Try to eat healthy.
Join a support group or cause that diverts the attention towards helping the needy and doing welfare for society.