Tachycardia by itself is not necessarily a disease, it’s a state in which the heart is beating fast. For an adult the normal heart rate should be around 60-100 beats/ minute, however, when this value rises to over 100 is that the person is considered to have tachycardia.
Types of Tachycardia
There are physiological (normal) and pathological (abnormal) types of tachycardia.Sinus tachycardia (ST) is experienced by almost all of us when we feel anxious or stressed. Hence, ST is a completely normal response to certain common stimuli.
Atrial or supraventricular tachycardia , SVT is normally not much of a problem but it is potentially dangerous. Hence, this type of tachycardia is an arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeat) which over time can lead to chronic damage and heart failure if untreated.
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is also a type of arrhythmia. VT is directly associated with a great number of deaths due to cardiac failure (hundreds of thousands/ year in some developed countries). As a result, this pathology is commonly present in patients with some underlying cardiac condition and is characterized by inefficient circulation.
SVT and VT are types of arrhythmia defined by an abnormal behavior of particular regions of the heart.
Holter monitors (a 24h surveillance system for your heart rate)
What Doctor Should You Go To?
As we already mentioned, tachycardia is not necessarily something you need to treat or diagnose, however, for pathological conditions you should visit your primary healthcare provider (usually a general practitioner) for initial testing, if your results show signs of some heart condition like tachycardia, you’ll be asked to consult an specialist, most likely a cardiologist.
For children, a pediatrician should be consulted first.