Know about HIV/Aids: Symptoms, Causes and Caution

Written by Pliro
Nov 29, 2018 Last updated: Dec 6, 2018

HIV/Aids, as known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, are the diseases of human blood where white blood cells responsible to fight infections in the body start to deplete. Initially there may be influenza like symptoms but then again no symptoms at all for longer periods of time. However, with time, the disease spreads, making the immune system of the patient weaker day by day and letting the body be exposed to common to severe infections like tuberculosis, tumors and even different kinds of cancers. At this time, unintended weight loss is also something that people need to worry about. A person with HIV/Aids may survive only for 3 years at maximum.

How it Spreads – Causes

HIV was primitively caused in hunters who hunted chimpanzees with HIV disease and ate their meat. The initial infection happens with the spectrum of HIV where only flu may hit the body and normal paracetamol doses can cure it. However, as the infection grows, it enters the spectrum of Aids where chronic symptoms occur as described above.

Usually, tuberculosis in patients with HIV die and this is how one can recognize when simple opportunistic but curable diseases like TB, Flu, Meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, Oral thrush or Pneumonia cause deaths. Common ways where it may spread from a diseased person to another are:

  1. Blood transfusion
  2. Rectal/vaginal fluids
  3. Sexual intercourse
  4. From feeding mothers to kids
  5. During pregnancy to infants

However, this virus never spreads through regular contact with the diseases person or through air/water. A person suffering from HIV is liable to suffer from Aids at later stages if untreated and by the time the body suffers, its immune system is too weak to fight any and all infections.

Early Stages of HIV

The early symptoms where the body feels flu and is affected by opportunistic infections may be the following:

  1. Muscle aches
  2. Chills
  3. Fever
  4. Body aches at night
  5. Swollen lymph nodes in the body
  6. Sore throat
  7. Mouth ulcers
  8. Feeling tired/fatigue
  9. Skin rashes/allergies

At this initial stage, HIV tests may not reveal any infection but people with HIV are highly contagious for others to retract HIV to other healthy people. However, you shouldn’t be worried every time when you have any or all of the above symptoms, as they may be due to another reason. HIV may take even 10 or more years to show up in a person through tests.

If a person is diagnosed with HIV, he/she should immediately start taking anti HIV medication to avoid the risk and negate having Aids for as long as possible. Also, such patients should take caution over not to spread HIV to other people as well.  

Progression to Aids

A person with HIV is liable to have Aids at any point in time even though HIV is being properly treated. However, medication can delay the inevitable. The disease has no cure up until now and HIV turning into Aids has the following symptoms:

  1. Profuse night sweats
  2. Excessive weight loss
  3. Extreme tiredness and exhaustion
  4. Mouth ulcers, and different colored blotches on skin or under the skin, nose or eyelids
  5. Sores in private areas
  6. Different neurological disorders like memory loss and depression etc.

As the above symptoms may vary and add to your body due to some other illness, make sure to get yourself checked for HIV/Aids through proper tests rather assume you have the disease.


This disease cannot be avoided or overlooked however; some caution can be taken to avoid the risk of suffering from HIV/Aids. Some of them are as under:

  1. Make sure to be careful while dealing with anything that involves contact with blood, body fluids especially when there are any open wounds or physical contact with an HIV positive person. In rare cases, organ donation can also cause HIV as well
  2. Proper protection should be used to ensure no transfer of bodily fluids with any infected person, like in sexual intercourse.
  3. You can go for PrEp treatment which is more commonly known as Pre-exposure prophylaxis. It is an action to prevent suffering from this disease by taking one pill a day against HIV. The only approved treatment of prophylaxis is Truvada. For its dose, you can contact your doctors.

Those who have HIV are an easy target for Hepatitis Virus as well. It makes the HIV spread faster in the body and have a faster effect on liver failure as well. Following caution not just for HIV/Aids but for other diseases as well can bring about a change in how you follow diet and living in a cleaner and hygienic way.