Pakistan is the largest consumer of tobacco in Southern Asia. This is despite the implementation of several laws that ban smoking. These include banning cigarettes in public places and many forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship being prohibited. Smoking in Pakistani isn’t just limited to cigarettes and other similar joints. As a matter of fact, shisha remains a popular choice especially in rural areas. The number of smokers increase with smokers buying unbranded tobacco at low prices from open markets. Hence, it is becoming more and more important to make people aware of the facts that will make them stop smoking.
Reports have revealed that tobacco smoking is very common among the country’s youth. Moreover, it causes various health problems for the generation. Tobacco-smoking parents are believed to have played a key role in the spread of this habit in their children. Studies have revealed that every teenager having at least one tobacco-smoking parent is significantly more likely to start smoking as compared to children of non-smoking parents.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) cigarette use is currently responsible for the death of one in ten adults’ worldwide. This accounts for almost 5 million deaths each year. Furthermore, the coming 25 years will witness double the estimated annual death toll, if no changes are made. Therefore, read up on these 10 shocking facts that will help you quit smoking.
Cancer occurs due to tobacco consumption
Smoking is the one of the leading causes of deaths in the country. Cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke causes deaths among the younger generations each year. Cancer causing tobacco is the reason for almost 40% of all fatalities. Cigarette smoking causes many types of cancers. These include cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach, and cervix, as well as acute leukemia. Most of the 41,000 chemicals found in cigarettes are cancer causing a.k.a carcinogenic. It is these chemicals that when combined with heat lead to mutations in your cells causing them to multiply in an uncontrolled manner, leading to cancer.
Smoking reduces lung capacity and stamina
Emphysema is a form of lung disease, usually caused by smoking. Because of lung damage, people with emphysema have difficulty blowing air out. The linings between air sacs are destroyed and create air pockets in the lungs. Air is trapped in these air pockets and is difficult to breathe out. As a result, the lungs slowly enlarge, and breathing takes more effort, thus reducing the individual’s stamina.
Smoking causes blindness
Lung cancer and heart disease is caused by smoking. However, many people don’t realize that smoking can lead to vision loss. Studies show smoking increases the risk of cataracts ,which is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. By smoking, you significantly increase the risk of developing a cataract compared to non-smokers, with people who smoke doubling their chance of forming cataracts, with the risk increasing the more you smoke.
Tobacco kills others through secondhand smoke
People are being exposed to more tobacco smoke than realized, even though smoking is banned in many public places. Studies show that even secondhand smoke effects severely those who are at a vulnerable stage in their lives. These include newborns who are exposed to smoke in the womb or after birth. Infants are at risk of cot death, lung cancer, asthma pneumonia and other serious health conditions. Adults with existing heart and lung problems also fall victim to cigarette smoke.
Nicotine is highly addictive
It is common knowledge that smoking is extremely hard to quit. Nicotine is quickly absorbed into your bloodstream, causing the brain to release adrenaline. This creates a buzz of pleasure and energy. Since your body is able to build up a high tolerance to nicotine, you’ll need to smoke more and more cigarettes in order to get the nicotine’s pleasurable effects and prevent withdrawal symptoms. This addiction keeps people smoking even when they want to quit, and breaking the routine is a lot harder for some people than it is for others. Studies have shown that the younger you start smoking, the harder it is to quit, with almost about three out of four teenage smokers becoming adult smokers in later life.
Cigarettes contain the same chemicals as rat poison
While smoking cigarettes, people hardly think about the harmful chemicals present in them, neither do they think about the effects of smoking the chemicals on the body. The basic ingredients found in cigarettes are tobacco and nicotine, but they also contain more than 4,000 chemicals including; arsenic, butane, DDT,carbon monoxide; hydrogen cyanide; and ammonia, which are used in rat poison, pesticides, cleaning products and lighter fluids.
Smoking can cause infertility
Women who smoke have an increased risk of infertility and are more likely to take longer to get pregnant than compared to non-smoking women . Inhaling cigarette smoke wrecks havoc with the reproductive system and sex organs of both genders. Men who smoke may have difficulty getting an erection and have a lower sperm count. Women run the risk of developing cervical cancer and because of this, may have difficulties conceiving. The risk of miscarriage, premature birth and stillbirth, may occur due to smoking while pregnant.
Smoking stains your teeth
One of the effects of smoking is staining on the teeth due to the nicotine and tar (a chemical that coats your teeth giving them a yellowish tinge) in the tobacco. The tar is difficult to clean with brushing and usually forms permanent stains on a smoker’s teeth , making your teeth turn yellow in a very short time,with heavy smokers complaining that their teeth are turning brown after many years of smoking.
Cigarettes are the cause of bad breath
The smell of a freshly smoked cigarette can linger in the lungs for hours. This gives off a stale scent called smoker’s breath. Smoking also kills the good bacteria in your mouth, increasing the amount of saliva that is secreted. It causes a higher amount of tartar formation on your teeth. Problems with digestion, throat infections and build up of chemicals within the oral cavity are created as a result. This causes all smokers to end up with permanently bad breath.
Tobacco addiction wastes money
Smoking a premium pack of 20 cigarettes daily, can cost you around 380,000 Pakistani Rupees a year. This figure is continuously rising. Buying tobacco is a waste of money with no real benefits. Cancer is one of the major effects that it has, shortening your lifespan by at least 10 years. Quitting smoking provides opportunities to spend money on other experiences and adventures.
Quitting smoking requires a powerful and personal reason. The dangers of tobacco give most smokers a reason to quit. Counseling and medication can help these chances considerably. It is not an easy journey. The rewards, however, are tremendous, and you’ll experience the benefits of not using tobacco almost immediately. Quitting tobacco will improve your health, your finances, your self-esteem and your everyday life. Hopefully the ten facts above are strong enough to outweigh the urge to light up another cigarette.